Effects of annealing temperature and ambient on Metal/PtSe2 contact alloy formation

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Mirabelli, Gioele
Walsh, Lee A.
Gity, Farzan
Bhattacharjee, Shubhadeep
Cullen, Conor P.
Ó Coileáin, Cormac
Monaghan, Scott
McEvoy, Niall
Nagle, Roger
Hurley, Paul K.
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Forming gas annealing is a common process step used to improve the performance of devices based on transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs). Here, the impact of forming gas anneal is investigated for PtSe2-based devices. A range of annealing temperatures (150, 250, and 350 °C) were used both in inert (0/100% H2/N2) and forming gas (5/95% H2/N2) environments to separate the contribution of temperature and ambient. The samples are electrically characterized by circular transfer length method structures, from which contact resistance and sheet resistance are analyzed. Ti and Ni are used as metal contacts. Ti does not react with PtSe2 at any given annealing step. In contrast to this, Ni reacts with PtSe2, resulting in a contact alloy formation. The results are supported by a combination of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy. The work sheds light on the impact of forming gas annealing on TMD–metal interfaces, and on the TMD film itself, which could be of great interest to improve the contact resistance of TMD-based devices.
Annealing temperature , Metal/PtSe2 , Contact alloy formation
Mirabelli, G., Walsh, L. A., Gity, F., Bhattacharjee, S., Cullen, C. P., Ó Coileáin, C., Monaghan, S., McEvoy, N., Nagle, R., Hurley, P. K. and Duffy, R. (2019) 'Effects of Annealing Temperature and Ambient on Metal/PtSe2 Contact Alloy Formation', ACS Omega, 4(17), pp. 17487-17493. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.9b02291
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