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Exploring the ecological effects of naturally antibiotic-insensitive Bifidobacteria in the recovery of the resilience of the gut microbiota during and after antibiotic treatment
American Society for Microbiology
Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (AMC) is the most widely used antibiotic, being frequently prescribed to infants. Particular members of the genus Bifidobacterium are among the first microbial colonizers of the infant gut, and it has been demonstrated that they exhibit various activities beneficial for their human host, including promotion/maintenance of the human gut microbiota homeostasis. It has been shown that natural resistance of bifidobacteria to AMC is limited to a small number of strains. In the current study, we investigated the mitigation effects of AMC-resistant bifidobacteria in diversity preservation of the gut microbiota during AMC treatment. To this end, an in vitro coculture experiment based on infant fecal samples and an in vivo study employing a rodent model were performed. The results confirmed the ability of AMC-resistant bifidobacterial strains to bolster gut microbiota resilience, while specific covariance analysis revealed strain-specific and variable impacts on the microbiota composition by individual bifidobacterial taxa. IMPORTANCE The first microbial colonizers of the infant gut are members of the genus Bifidobacterium, which exhibit different activities beneficial to their host. Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (AMC) is the most frequently prescribed antibiotic during infancy, and few strains of bifidobacteria are known to show a natural resistance to this antibiotic. In the present work, we evaluated the possible positive effects of AMC-resistant bifidobacterial strains in maintaining gut microbiota diversity during AMC exposure, performing an in vitro and in vivo experiment based on an infant gut model and a rodent model, respectively. Our results suggested the ability of AMC-resistant bifidobacterial strains to support gut microbiota restoration.
Bifidobacterium , Gut microbiota , Antibiotic
Argentini, C., Mancabelli, L., Alessandri, G., Tarracchini, C., Barbetti, M., Carnevali, L., Longhi, G., Viappiani, A., Anzalone, R., Milani, C., Sgoifo, A., van Sinderen, D., Ventura, M. and Turroni, F. (2022) ‘Exploring the ecological effects of naturally antibiotic-insensitive bifidobacteria in the recovery of the resilience of the gut microbiota during and after antibiotic treatment’, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 88(12), e00522-22 (11 pp). doi: 10.1128/aem.00522-22.
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