Phenotypic and genetic analyses of two Campylobacter fetus isolates from a patient with relapsed prosthetic valve endocarditis.

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Lynch, Caoimhe T.
Buttimer, Colin
Epping, L.ennard
O'Connor, James
Walsh, Niamh
McCarthy, Conor
O'Brien, Deirdre
Vaughan, Carl
Semmler, Torsten
Bolton, Declan
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Campylobacter fetus can cause intestinal and systemic disease in humans and are well-established veterinary and economic pathogens. We report the complete genomic sequences of two C. fetus subsp. fetus (Cff) isolates recovered in 2017 (CITCf01) and 2018 (CITCf02) from a case of recurrent prosthetic valve endocarditis. Both were capable of growth aerobically. Their genomes were found to be highly conserved and syntenic with 99.97% average nucleotide identity (ANI) while differences in their respective sap loci defined the temporal separation of their genomes. Based on core genome phylogeny and ANI of 83 Cff genomes belonging to the previously described human-associated Cff lineage, CITCf01 and CITCf02 grouped in a clade of 11 sequence type (ST)3 Cff (including the Cff type strain NCTC 10842T). CITCf01 and CITCf02 were marked for their lack of unique genomic features when compared to isolates within the subspecies and the type strain in particular. We identified point mutations in oxidative stress response genes, among others, that may contribute to aerobiosis. We report a case of Cff causing relapsed prosthetic valve endocarditis and we highlight the sap island as a polymorphic site within the genetically stable ST3 lineage, central to pathogenicity.
Phylogenomics , Endocarditis , Campylobacter fetus , Campylobacter , Aerobiosis , Phenotype
Lynch, C. T., Buttimer, C., Epping, L., O'Connor, J., Walsh, N., Mccarthy, C., O'Brien, D., Vaughan, C., Semmler, T., Bolton, D., Coffey, A., Lucey, B. (2022) ‘Phenotypic and genetic analyses of two Campylobacter fetus isolates from a patient with relapsed prosthetic valve endocarditis’, Pathogens and Disease, 79 (9), pp. 1-12. doi:10.1093/femspd/ftab055
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© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of FEMS. This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Pathogens and Disease following peer review. The version of record is available online at: