Life cycle assessment of seaweed biomethane, generated from seaweed sourced from integrated multi-trophic aquaculture in temperate oceanic climates

dc.check.date2019-04-05
dc.check.infoAccess to this item is restricted until 24 months after publication by request of the publisher.en
dc.contributor.authorCzyrnek-Delêtre, Magdalena M.
dc.contributor.authorRocca, Stefania
dc.contributor.authorAgostini, Alessandro
dc.contributor.authorGiuntoli, Jacopo
dc.contributor.authorMurphy, Jerry D.
dc.contributor.funderScience Foundation Irelanden
dc.contributor.funderGas Networks Ireland
dc.contributor.funderErvia, Ireland
dc.contributor.funderB9 Energy Group, Northern Ireland
dc.date.accessioned2018-03-20T10:16:40Z
dc.date.available2018-03-20T10:16:40Z
dc.date.issued2017-04-05
dc.date.updated2018-03-06T09:50:04Z
dc.description.abstractBiomethane produced from seaweed is a third generation renewable gaseous fuel. The advantage of seaweed for biofuel is that it does not compete directly or indirectly for land with food, feed or fibre production. Furthermore, the integration of seaweed and salmon farming can increase the yield of seaweed per hectare, while reducing the eutrophication from fish farming. So far, full comprehensive life cycle assessment (LCA) studies of seaweed biofuel are scarce in the literature; current studies focus mainly on microalgal biofuels. The focus of this study is an assessment of the sustainability of seaweed biomethane, with seaweed sourced from an integrated seaweed and salmon farm in a north Atlantic island, namely Ireland. With this goal in mind, an attributional LCA principle was applied to analyse a seaweed biofuel system. The environmental impact categories assessed are: climate change, acidification, and marine, terrestrial and freshwater eutrophication. The seaweed Laminaria digitata is digested to produce biogas upgraded to natural gas standard, before being used as a transport biofuel. The baseline scenario shows high emissions in all impact categories. An optimal seaweed biomethane system can achieve 70% savings in GHG emissions as compared to gasoline with high yields per hectare, optimum seaweed composition and proper digestate management. Seaweed harvested in August proved to have higher methane yield. August seaweed biomethane delivers 22% lower impacts than biomethane from seaweed harvested in October. Seaweed characteristics are more significant for improvement of biomethane sustainability than an increase in seaweed yield per unit area.en
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden
dc.description.versionAccepted Versionen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.identifier.citationCzyrnek-Delêtre, M. M., Rocca, S., Agostini, A., Giuntoli, J. and Murphy, J. D. (2017) 'Life cycle assessment of seaweed biomethane, generated from seaweed sourced from integrated multi-trophic aquaculture in temperate oceanic climates', Applied Energy, 196, pp.34-50. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.03.129en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.03.129
dc.identifier.endpage50en
dc.identifier.issn0306-2619
dc.identifier.journaltitleApplied Energyen
dc.identifier.startpage34en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10468/5632
dc.identifier.volume196en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevier Ltd.en
dc.relation.projectinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/SFI/SFI Research Centres Supplement/12/RC/2302s/IE/Marine Renewable Energy Ireland (MaREI) - EU Grant Manager/en
dc.rights© 2017, Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND license.en
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
dc.subjectSeaweeden
dc.subjectBiomethaneen
dc.subjectAnaerobic digestionen
dc.subjectLife cycle assessmenten
dc.subjectLCAen
dc.subjectWastewateren
dc.subjectIntegrated multi-trophic aquacultureen
dc.subjectIMTAen
dc.titleLife cycle assessment of seaweed biomethane, generated from seaweed sourced from integrated multi-trophic aquaculture in temperate oceanic climatesen
dc.typeArticle (peer-reviewed)en
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