IoT-enabled water distribution systems - a comparative technological review

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Velayudhan, N. K.
Pradeep, Preeja
Rao, S. N.
Devidas, A. R.
Ramesh, M. V.
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Water distribution systems are one of the critical infrastructures and major assets of the water utility in a nation. The infrastructure of the distribution systems consists of resources, treatment plants, reservoirs, distribution lines, and consumers. A sustainable water distribution network management has to take care of accessibility, quality, quantity, and reliability of water. As water is becoming a depleting resource for the coming decades, the regulation and accounting of the water in terms of the above four parameters is a critical task. There have been many efforts towards the establishment of a monitoring and controlling framework, capable of automating various stages of the water distribution processes. The current trending technologies such as Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), Internet of Things (IoT), and Artificial Intelligence (AI) have the potential to track this spatially varying network to collect, process, and analyze the water distribution network attributes and events. In this work, we investigate the role and scope of the IoT technologies in different stages of the water distribution systems. Our survey covers the state-of-the-art monitoring and control systems for the water distribution networks, and the status of IoT architectures for water distribution networks. We explore the existing water distribution systems, providing the necessary background information on the current status. This work also presents an IoT Architecture for Intelligent Water Networks - IoTA4IWNet, for real-time monitoring and control of water distribution networks. We believe that to build a robust water distribution network, these components need to be designed and implemented effectively.
Internet of things , IoT communication technologies , IoT services , Water distribution network , Water resources , Monitoring , Distribution networks , Statistics , Sociology , Internet of Things , Ocean temperature
Velayudhan, N. K., Pradeep, P., Rao, S. N., Devidas, A. R. and Ramesh, M. V. (2022) 'IoT-enabled water distribution systems - a comparative technological review', IEEE Access, (31 pp). doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3208142